HOUSTON - As more people hit the roads heading back to work and children going back to school, despite another wave of the pandemic, aggressive driving incidents are on the rise across the country.
Just this summer, a man in Chicago attacked an off-duty officer and bit his friend's nipple off and a man in Washington state was caught on camera hurling an axe at another driver.
In the greater Houston area, road rage is nothing new for drivers. Back in 2014, Houston took over New York as the road rage capital of the U.S., according to AutoVantage’s annual "Driver’s Seat Road Rage Survey."
But last year, during the first wave of the pandemic when fewer cars were on the road, there was an increase in road rage incidents from the year before.
Texas Governor Greg Abbott even deployed Texas Department of Public Safety troopers to the Houston area to help crackdown on aggressive driving and the Houston Police Department threatened to take away vehicles from those suspected of road rage.
And as we head into the latter half of 2021, things don't seem to be improving.
This past weekend alone, there were two possible road rage incidents involving children.
On Saturday, a 29-year-old father was shot and killed along East Freeway. Police say the father’s two young children, six and eight-years-old, were able to safely steer the vehicle into a parking lot.
The next day, a nine-year-old girl and a six-month-old boy were rushed to a hospital after getting hit by a bullet or shrapnel in a shooting on the North Loop.
ROAD RAGE BY THE NUMBERS
HARRIS COUNTY ROAD RAGE INCIDENTS
Road rage incidents in Harris County are showing an upward trend. Harris County Precinct 3 Constable’s Office Chief Kirk Bonsal says road rage incidents in the county, which do not include the city of Houston, were 1,727 in 2019; 1,369 in 2020; and 848 by July 23, 2021.
He says road rage is often put into the Aggravated Assault category so this isn’t necessarily completely accurate, but the numbers do show a trend that's slightly higher than that of last year.
CRASHES INVOLVING ROAD RAGE
Crashes with road rage as a contributing factor are also tracking higher this year than last in Texas, Harris County, and the City of Houston, according to TxDOT data gathered by FOX 26.
In the state of Texas, there were a total of 1,383 road rage crashes in all of 2020 compared to 836 by the beginning of July 2021.
In Harris County, there were a total of 246 road rage crashes in all of 2020 compared to 142 by the beginning of July 2021.
And in the city of Houston, there were a total of 128 road rage crashes in all of 2020 compared to 173 by the beginning of July 2021.
While the number of incidents and crashes related to road rage may not have spiked, Chief Bonsal says the number of people pulling guns in road rage incidents has increased significantly.
EXTREME ROAD RAGE CASES ON THE RISE
Since June 20, FOX 26 has reported on at least half a dozen shootings related to road rage in the greater Houston area.
Most of the reported incidents ended with injuries, but two resulted in death. Only one of the shootings did not result in any injuries.
Following the July 6 shooting of the teen leaving the Astros game, Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner said things needed to be done about road rage.
"The road rage … I do want to say: People need to settle down," Mayor Turner said.
"We're just gonna have to find ways … May have to put more eyes on the streets and the roads."
The next day, Houston Police Department launched a new program to combat the growing problem.
LAW ENFORCEMENT TACKLING ROAD RAGE
On July 11, HPD announced the Safe Roadways Initiative, which is a multi-divisional multi-agency initiative, targeting road rage incidents in the greater Houston area.
"It has become such a problem of late," said Houston Police Executive Assistant Chief Larry Satterwhite during the announcement. "Just in just this year alone, we've had over 1,500 calls for service."
Satterwhite says he met with all the Harris County constables' offices, the Harris County Sheriff's Office, the Texas DPS, and METRO Police Department to work as a collaboration and launch the initiative.
"I truly believe the best way to to attack that, given our limited resources is to collaborate with everybody," Satterwhite said. "Thankfully, our mayor and our city council have provided a lot of funds in terms of overtime dollars. And we've been able to increase a lot of our enforcement out on our roadways and into our highly impacted neighborhoods because we're looking at violent crime in general around the city."
Using funds Law enforcement officers are working in marked and unmarked cars on freeways during peak times, when most incidents tend to occur.
They're proactively looking for the following aggressive behaviors:
- Excessive speeding
- Following too closely
- Multiple lane changes without signaling
- Obscene gestures and other acts of aggression directed at motorists
- Unreasonable use of vehicle horns
HOW EFFECTIVE IS SAFE ROADWAYS INITIATIVE?
On August 6, HPD tweeted impressive numbers of the work from the Safe Roadways Initiative.
During the Houston City Council meeting after the road rage shooting on July 6, Mayor Turner said the road rage shootings are "not going to stop until we start catching some of these individuals who are just pulling out their guns, no respect of persons. And just shooting people just because."
One victim tells FOX 26 he's still waiting for justice after he was shot while driving along the South Loop near Cullen in early August.
"I got three plates in my jaw, where they rebuilt it after the bullet hit," said Trey Crank, a father of two.
He was shot in the face and transported to a hospital in critical condition.
According to Crank, no arrests have been made. He isn’t sure why someone shot at his car.
While Clark is still waiting for answers, the Safe Roadways Initiative has answered the call to action in the last two months with follow-through in some investigations of the extreme cases.
One example comes from an incident on the Katy Freeway, where images were captured of a passenger in a black Chevy Silverado pointed a gun at another vehicle while the truck's driver tried to run the victim off the roadway, according to police.
They pushed the image out on social media soliciting the public's help on July 14, and eight days later they found the suspect seen in the images.
But more notably, in the weeks following the deadly road rage shooting of 17-year-old David Castro, which caught national headlines, HPD worked diligently with partners and the public to find the suspect.
"I think in those extreme cases where they end up in some act of violence, our investigators are very good at going back and finding out what led up to that particular incident," HPD Commander Reece Hardy told FOX 26. "That's all part of this initiative is learning more about what leads up to these road rage incidents."
Within three days, they released a sketch and had a description of the vehicle that did not have a front license plate, but a paper plate in the back. Less than two weeks later, HPD released surveillance footage of the suspect’s vehicle with more solid descriptions. Ten days later on July 30, the suspect was identified as 34-year-old Gerald Williams. Williams then turned himself in three days later.
Mayor Turner released a statement in response to the arrest, saying, in part, "I thank Police Chief Finner, HPD investigators, and the community for the collaboration that led to the surrender and arrest of the suspect. The constant flow of eyewitness tips, information about the vehicle, and the suspect’s description kept this crime front and center for several weeks … This case is a tragic reminder that guns, road rage, and reckless behavior have deadly consequences."
The 100-plus tips from the public and the collaborative investigative work from Safe Roadways Initiative led to a suspected murderer, but how do we prevent more shootings?
Let's first take a look at possible causes.
WHAT'S DRIVING THE ROAD RAGE?
It’s no doubt traffic is a nightmare for all with the amount of cars on Houston-area roadways. The problem is only being exacerbated year after year as the population increases.
According to the 2020 Census, unlike the majority of counties across the U.S., southeast Texas saw its population grow. Houston's 2020 population went up to 2,304,580, which is an increase of nearly 10% from the 2010 Census.
More people means more vehicles hitting the roadways, and that’s clearly seen in Texas A&M Transportation Institute’s 2021 Urban Mobility Report. The report ranks the worst traffic in the country depending on how much time drivers spend in traffic. The Houston metropolitan area jumped from the ninth position to spot number three, despite the pandemic bringing down congestion everywhere.
According to the TTI report, Houston-area drivers spent 49 hours on average stuck in traffic in 2020, which is significantly less than the 76 hours Houston-area drivers spent in 2019. But it is still high enough to land Houston in the top five cities with the worst traffic.
In 2019, Harris County also had six of the top 10 most congested roadways in Texas, according to TTI’s 2020 analysis of pre-pandemic data. Houston’s West Loop (IH-610), Southwest Freeway (IH-69), and the Eastex Freeway (IH-69) all made the top five.
But construction, as you’ve seen driving through Houston-area freeways, also adds to the bumper-to-bumper nightmare.
CONGESTION LEADING TO AGGRESSION
It’s not surprising that all of this traffic and backup leads to high-stress and tension.
According to research by the American Psychological Association, "environmental factors such as crowded roads can boost anger behind the wheel."
But if you tack on a pandemic and its collateral damage — including social isolation, economic struggles — personal frustrations grow even more. The APAs research shows that "displaced anger and high life stress" are also linked to road rage.
TxDOT says most aggressive drivers aren’t aggressive in everyday settings. They demonstrate this idea with an animated video of a guy turning into a maniac as soon as he gets behind the wheel. TxDOT tweeted it with a caption that says a driver can "somehow become a different person behind the wheel. "
"There's a lot of reasons for the stress, frustration, anger," said Lt. Satterwhite. "Because you feel like somebody cuts you off or something like that, that goes on the roadway. And then people carry it out in ways that are that are dangerous, actually, and create more problems for themselves and for other people."
According to HPD, their definition of road rage, which can be subjective since it isn’t codified by state law, is aggressive or violent behavior exhibited by drivers. Commander Hardy says it can be as simple as a "hand gesture or it could escalate all the way up to a firearm being displayed."
"We all feel our pulses get up sometimes when someone cuts us off in traffic or someone's tailgating too closely to us," Commander Hardy says. "We all feel threatened and there's this injustice that's being done to us right and so that's why we, that's why we get all upset."
But responding to the so-called injustice, could lead to a deadly situation that could have been avoided.
DON'T BECOME A VICTIM, TAKE THE HIGH ROAD
Overall, to avoid road rage it seems the onus falls on us as drivers to keep our cool, otherwise we could become potential victims of being rear-ended, run off the road or worse being shot.
"You have to take control of your emotions you have to take a deep breath and realize it's not worth it," Commander Hardy urges. "It's not your job to right this wrong right now on the roadway because you're not going to be able to; and no action that you take is going to make this situation better while you're behind the wheel of a car."
To educate drivers, TxDOT and the Safe Roadways Initiative are also providing safety tips to drivers.
HPD’s tips for avoiding actions that provoke other motorists:
- Avoid tailgating
- Let drivers pass
- Use turn signal
- Let drivers merge
- Consider others in parking lots
HPD’s tips for avoiding confrontation:
- Avoid eye contact
- Do not respond to aggression with aggression
- Be tolerant and forgiving
- Avoid offensive hand gestures
- Call 911 if threatened
"Eye contact is really important. Don’t make any eye contact. Look away. Keep your hands on the steering wheel, focus on the road," Danny Perez with TxDOT told FOX 26. "If the person is trying to engage you, don’t become an aggressive driver by trying to address an aggressive driver. That’s the best recommendation."
TxDOT also has its tips to avoid aggressive driving:
- Stay calm, take a deep breath
- Use the left lane only when passing
- Give angry drivers plenty of room
- If you feel you are in danger, call 911
"You don't know what that other person is going through, you don't know what that other person is capable of," says Hardy. "You don't know if that other person has a gun. It's just not worth it."
So stay calm and drive on.